Aeromonas - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Aeromonas species are Gram-negative facultative anaerobic bacteria that ubiquitously inhabit aquatic environments, including fresh water and brackish water [1-4]. For 100 years, Aeromonas was known as a pathogen of fish and reptiles. In the 1960s, it was reported that Aeromonas caused diarrhea in humans Aeromonas1 Description Species of Aeromonas are Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, facul-tatively anaerobic bacteria that occur ubiquitously and autochthonously in aquatic environments. Although historically the Aeromonas genus has been placed in the family Vibrionaceae (Popoff, 1984), there have been proposals to place i Presumptive Aeromonas veronii/sobria complex and Aeromonas hydrophila complex strains isolated from human intestinal clinical materials were tentatively identified using conventional and commercial biochemical tests. Subsequently, more extensive phenotype characterization and identification of both aforementione Aeromonas hydrophila is a heterotrophic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium mainly found in areas with a warm climate.This bacterium can be found in fresh or brackish water. It can survive in aerobic and anaerobic environments, and can digest materials such as gelatin and hemoglobin. A. hydrophila was isolated from humans and animals in the 1950s. It is the most well known of the species of.

Aeromonas hydrophila, Aeromonas caviae, Aeromonas sobria. Jsou to krátké tyčinky se zaoblenými konci, gramnegativní, kataláza a oxidáza pozitivní. Jsou pohyblivé. Produkují sekreční a povrchové faktory virulence. Mezi tyto faktory patří fimbrie, proteiny vnější membrány, pouzdro nebo lipopolysacharidy Aeromonas. ( ār-ō-mō'năs ), A genus of gram-negative, oxidase-positive, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Vibrionaceae) containing rod-shaped to coccoid cells; motile cells ordinarily possess a single, polar flagellum; some species are nonmotile

The genus Aeromonas consists of gram-negative rods widely distributed in freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments [ 1,2 ]. Aeromonas species grow at a range of temperatures, although they are isolated with increasing frequency during warmer months (May through October in the Northern hemisphere) Aeromonas hydrophila is a species of gram-negative bacteria. These organisms are oxidase-positive and facultatively anaerobic. Aeromonas hydrophila is a member of the family Aeromonadaceae, and is only one of six species Aeromonas species that are known to be pathogenic in humans. It is also pathogenic in fish Aeromonas species can cause biliary tract infections in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients. Aeromonas biliary tract infections tend to occur in patients with biliary tract obstruction or stasis due to hepatobiliary cancer or stones . A. hydrophila is the most common causative species, followed by A. caviae and A. veronii What is aeromonas infection? Aeromonas are bacteria that can cause an acute diarrhoeal illness that normally clears without treatment. It is a fairly common cause of gastroenteritis, which occurs most often throughout the warm summer months in most countries

  1. Aeromonas hydrophila je heterotrofní, gramnegativní bakterie, která se vyskytuje především v oblastech s teplejším podnebím.Je možné ji najít v sladké, slané, mořské, brakické, chlorované i nechlorované vodě. Aeromonas hydrophila přežívá jak v aerobním, tak i anaerobním prostředí. Živnou půdou jí může být želatina a hemoglobin
  2. Aeromonas finlandiensis (sic) Beaz-Hidalgo et al. 2015: misspelling: orthographic variant: Aeromonas fluvialis Alperi et al. 2010: validly published: correct name: Aeromonas hydrophila (Chester 1901) Stanier 1943 (Approved Lists 1980) validly published: correct name: Aeromonas ichthiosmia Schubert et al. 1991: validly published: correct name.
  3. Aeromonas hydrophila Druh gram-negativní, fakultativně anaerobní, tyčinkovité bakterie, které mohou být patogenní pro žáby, ryby, a savců, včetně člověka. U lidí, celulitida a průjem může mít za následek infekce tímto organismem

Aeromonas hydrophila - Wikipedi

  1. Aeromonas. Rod gram-negativní, fakultativně anaerobní, tyčinkovité bakterie, která se vyskytuje jednotlivě, v párech nebo v krátkých řetězcích. Jeho organismy se nacházejí ve sladké vodě a odpadní vody, a jsou patogenní pro člověka, žáby a ryby. Kód deskriptoru: B03.440.450.019.025. Organism
  2. Aeromonas je rod gramnegativních, fakultativně anaerobních bakterií ve tvaru tyčinky, které morfologicky připomínají členy čeledi Enterobacteriaceae.Většina ze 14 popsaných druhů je spojována s lidskými chorobami. Mezi nejvýznamnější patogeny jsou A. hydrophila, A. caviae a A. veronii biovar sobria.Organismy jsou ve sladké a brakické vodě všudypřítomné
  3. Aeromonas spp. as the Causative Agent of Acute Diarrhoea in Children under 1 Year of Age Study objective: To establish whether there is a link between cases of acute watery diarrhoea and a specific Aeromonas species. Materials and Methods: Eight strains studied were identified as aeromonads and were further characterized by biochemical tests.
  4. With advances in the identification and molecular taxonomy of Aeromonas spp., these organisms, which are widely distributed in the environment, are increasingly being recognised as human pathogens. Clinical infections include gastroenteritis, skin and soft tissue infections and bacteraemia. Antibiot
  5. g, oxidase- positive, glucose- fermenting, facultative anaerobic, gram- negative bacterium that inhabits aquatic environments [1, 2]

Aeromonády a plesiomonády - WikiSkript

Aeromonas definition of Aeromonas by Medical dictionar

Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas Aeromonas A. A. A. A. trota jandaei sp.SUC-sp.SUC-Ino+ sp.SUC-Ino+ sp.SUC-Ino+ sp.SUC-Ino+ sp.SUC-sp.SUC-sp.SUC-sp.SUC-sp.SUC-sp.SUC-popoffii eucrenophila hydrophil assp. ranae schubertii CCM4368 CCM4355 P668 P664 P657 P671 P669 P661 P667 P660 P666 P655 P658 CM4708 CCM4354. Aeromonas spp. Source of isolates submitted to the Aeromonas spp. database. Submit. The MLST scheme hosted in this database was developed by barbara.cardazzo unipd.it (Barbara Cardazzo) and colleagues at the University of Padova, Italy. It is described in Martino et al. 2011 Appl Environ Microbiol 77:4986-5000


Aeromonas punctata (syn.A. hydrophila, A. iquefaciens, Bacillus punctatus, Pseudomonas punctata) je gramnegativní půdní [zdroj?] bakterie z rodu Aeromonas.Tento druh obsahuje peptidázy.Používá se k výrobě fytohemagglutinin The genus Aeromonas, consists of Gram-negative, oxidase positive bacilli that are considered autochthonous of aquatic environments and are commonly isolated from clinical and environmental samples. Typical habitats for these bacteria are freshwater (ground water, lakes, rivers and reservoirs), chlorinated and un-treated drinking water, bottled water, swimming pools, wastewater, reclaimed. Aeromonas sp. HPC33 - Aeromonas molluscorum - Aeromonas sp. DN1 - Aeromonas sp. 18III/A01/071 - Aeromonas sp. R-22837 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_1 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_2 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_13 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_14 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_16 - Aeromonas sp. 6A_18 - Aeromonas sp. 6B_1 - Aeromonas sp. 9A_4 - Aeromonas sp. 9A_14. Aeromonas [a-e-, lat.], rod gramnegativních aerobních tyčinkovitých bakterií z čeledi Vibrionaceae; vyskytují se ve vodě a vyvolávají furunkulózu ryb. Působí střevní infekce u lidí. Zástupci: Aeromonas hydrophila . Aeromonas punctata, Aeromonas almonicida Aeromonas isolates from stool and drinking water have been linked by biotyping and whole-cell protein fingerprinting , but the discriminatory power of these methods with Aeromonas is questionable (28,30). Thus, the evidence to date from using highly discriminatory subtyping methods suggests that human enteropathogenic strains are rare in.

Media in category AeromonasThe following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total Kompletní specifikace produktu Aeromonas, porovnání cen, hodnocení a recenze Aeromonas. Na Heurece využíváme personalizaci a cílenou reklamu. Na základě vašeho chování na Heurece personalizujeme její obsah. Kliknutím na Rozumím nebo jinam souhlasíte také s využíváním cookies a předáním údajů o chování na webu.

Aeromonas. A bacterial genus in the family Vibrionaceae comprising oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic, monotrichously flagellated gram-negative rods. The mesophilic species are A. hydrophila, A. caviae, and A. sobria; the psychrophilic one is A. salmonicida. Aeromonads are of aquatic origin and are found in surface and waste water but. Aeromonas f A taxonomic genus within the family Aeromonadaceae - rod-shaped gram-negative aquatic bacteria , some of which are pathogenic . Hypernyms [ edit On BD TCBS Agar, V. parahaemolyticus may resemble Aeromonas hydrophila, Plesiomonas shigelloides and Pseudomonas species. Sucrose-fermenting Proteus species produce yellow colonies which may resemble those of Vibrio. A few strains of V. cholerae appear green or colorless on BD TCBS Agar due to delayed sucrose fermentation The genus Aeromonas comprises a fascinating group of organisms linked to infections in humans, fish and other animals. Members of the genus are widespread in aquatic environments and can colonize a wide variety of animals in a benign or even beneficial manner Aeromonas hydrophila MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT NAME: Aeromonas hydrophila SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Aeromonads CHARACTERISTICS: Gram negative small rods, polar flagella, facultatively Read Mor

Compiled By: Julie A. Albrecht, Ph.D., Associate Professor The Organism: Since 1968, Aeromonas hydrophilia has been recognized as an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised hosts (patients on drug therapy, elderly, young). More recently it has been demonstrated to cause foodborne illness in healthy people. PDF Fact Sheet. Sources of the organism New DNA-DNA hybridization and phenotypic data on the species Aeromonas ichthiosmia and Aeromonas allosaccharophila: A. ichthiosmia Schubert et al. 1990 is a later synonym of A. veronii Hickman-Brenner et al. 1987 A group of 22 strains of Aeromonas hydrophila complex were identified by biotyping a ribotyping. Strains were identified as A. hydrophila complex based on biotyping while ribotyping showed different cluster for stains isolated from clinical material a different one for strains from aquatic environment.The clinical isolates were assinged to the subspecies level, Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila by ribotyping

Aeromonas spp. as the causative infectious agent should be kept in mind in patients with infections of the biliary system, surgical wounds in the abdomen and posttraumatic cellulitis. Extraintestinal infection is usually polymicrobial, appears most commonly in patients with underlying diseases, and generally has a good prognosis Aeromonas are able to cause disease in many animal species but are mainly associated with infections in aquatic poikilothermic animals. The psychrophilic species A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida is a problem in aquaculture causing furunculosis, an infective bacteraemic and ulcerative disease of salmonid fish (salmon, trout) as well as several. Viz: tyčinky aerobní gramnegativní fakultativně enterobakterie. Aeromonas caviae.. Aeromonas is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription.. Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine Příznakem jsou viditelně nápadné vředy, boule, které se po prasknutí změní v prohlubně (krátery), rudé a zakalené ploutve, které se třepí a rozpadají

Aeromonas - microbewik

Portaro - Webový katalog knihovny. Verze systému {{portaroVersion.date | date:'d.M.yyyy H:mm:ss'}} ({{portaroVersion.branch}} {{portaroVersion.value}} Počet závažných septikémii způsobených Aeromonas spp. či selhání antibiotické léčby díky nesprávné identifikaci se zvyšuje. Využití komplexního přístupu - fenotypizace, analýzy celulárních mastných kyselin a ribotypizace - slibuje zlepšení identifikace klinických izolátů aeromonád Aeromonas hydrophila je heterotrofní, gramnegativní bakterie, která se vyskytuje především v oblastech s teplejším podnebím. Je možné ji najít v sladké, slané, mořské, brakické, chlorované i nechlorované vodě. Aeromonas hydrophila přežívá jak v aerobním, tak i anaerobním prostředí

In addition to established disease associations, Aeromonas has been shown to be a significant cause of infections associated with natural disasters (hurricanes, tsunamis, and earthquakes) and has been linked to emerging or new illnesses, including near-drowning events, prostatitis, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome Aeromonas - lat. rod gramnegativních fakultativně anaerobních bakterií. Jsou kultivačně nenáročné, značně rozšířené. Krátké tyčky až kokoidní bakterie, široce se vyskytující v přírodě, např. u ryb a obojživelníků. Mohou se rovněž vyskytnout ve střevu. Pohyblivé druhy mohou být patogenní i pro člověka, produkují různé toxiny a mohou vyvolávat. The genus Aeromonas has undergone a number of taxonomic and nomenclature revisions over the past 15 years. Although originally placed in the family Vibrionaceae (), which also included the genera Vibrio, Photobacterium, and Plesiomonas, subsequent phylogenetic investigations indicated that the genus Aeromonas is not closely related to vibrios but rather forms a monophyletic unit in the γ-3.

Aeromonas Species - Infectious Disease and Antimicrobial

Aeromonas 1. AEROMONAS A Presentation By Isaac U.M. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, International Medical & Technological University, Tanzania Aeromonas hydrophila: a type of bacteria commonly found in freshwater or brackish water and in some fish and shellfish. It may cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and vomiting in some individuals if swallowed. It is more likely to cause intestinal symptoms in people with a suppressed immune system, such as people with cancer or those who are receiving.

Common causes of diarrhoea: Understanding aeromonas infection

Aeromonas Hydrophila Fish Infection : Cat Scratch Fever : Fumonisin Myco-toxicosis : Senecio Poisoning in Indiana : Meningo-enchephalitis in Pug Dods : High Mortality in Pond raised Fish : Lepto-spirosis in Dogs : Toxicity of Lithium Grease : More in Lithium Toxicity in Cattl Sir, The genus Aeromonas comprises 14 species, although its taxonomy has not yet been resolved. 1 The main species considered to be pathogenic in humans are Aeromonas hydrophila, Aeromonas caviae and Aeromonas veronii biotype sobria. 1 These species can cause both gastrointestinal and extraintestinal infectious diseases. Aeromonas gastroenteritis is generally self-limiting and, except in.

Genus: Aeromonas - Leibniz-Institut DSM

Aeromonas ist eine Gattung innerhalb der gramnegativen Gammaproteobakterien. Aeromonas wurde früher zu der Familie der Vibrionaceae gestellt. Die Arten können in zwei Gruppen gegliedert werden: Die mesophile und die psychrophile (kälteliebende) Gruppe. Die mesophilen Arten (z. B. der ubiquitär vorkommende Wasserkeim Aeromonas hydrophila) sind meist polar begeißelt und beweglich (motil. Aeromonas è un genere di batteri che comprende bacilli Gram-negativi caratterizzati da elevata mobilità per la presenza di flagelli polari (monotrichi), aerobi facoltativi e morfologicamente simili agli enterobatteri.Sono classificati nella sottoclasse gamma dei proteobatteri.. Gli Aeromonas sono aerobi-anaerobi facoltativi, catalasi e ossidasi positivi. . Comprende diverse specie, presenti.

Rod Aeromonas 1984 -4 druhy (A. hydrophila, A. caviae,A. salmonicida, A. sobria) 2004 -17 druhů(Stackebrandt, Donohue a kol. 2005) Nová čeleď Aeromonadaceae mnoho společných biochemických znaků (Abbott 2003) heterogenita a genetická proměnlivost v rámci rodu Aeromonas hydrophila (bv Aeromonas is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic rod that morphologically resembles members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Fourteen species of Aeromonas have been described, most of which have been associated with human diseases Definition of aeromonas in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of aeromonas. What does aeromonas mean? Information and translations of aeromonas in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web FICHE TECHNIQUE SANTÉ-SÉCURITÉ : AGENTS PATHOGÈNES SECTION I - AGENT INFECTIEUX. NOM: Aeromonas hydrophila. SYNONYME OU RENVOI: Septicémie, gastroentérite Note de bas de page 1.. CARACTÉRISTIQUES: A. hydrophila est un bacille Gram négatif facultativement anaérobique Note de bas de page 2 qui mesure entre 0,3 et 1,0 µm de large et entre 1,0 et 3,5 µm de long Note de bas de page 1

Aeromonas hydrophila and Related Bacteria Significance Aeromonas hydrophila (pronounced air-oh-moan-ass high-drof-ill-uh) is abacterium that is commonly found in freshwater environments and in brackishwater Aeromonas (Graf, 2015) is a new coming reference hardback and ebook that provides an overview on taxonomy, ecology, and pathogenicity of the genus Aeromonas, a group of bacterial species in the gamma subclass of the Proteobacteria (i.e., Gammaproteobacteria) ›Aeromonas liquefaciens Kluyver and van Niel 1936 ›Bacillus hydrophilus fuscus Sanarelli 1871 ›Bacillus hydrophilus Chester 1901 ›Bacterium hydrophilum (Chester 1901) Weldin and Levine 1923 ›Proteus hydrophilus (Chester 1901) Bergey et al. 1923 More

Aeromonas hydrophila - příznaky a léčb

Introduction. The genus Aeromonas consists of ubiquitous, oxidase‐positive, facultatively anaerobic, Gram‐negative γ‐proteobacteria autochthonous to aquatic environments. These bacteria are usual microbiota as well as primary or secondary pathogens of fish, amphibians and other exothermic animals and some motile species (mainly Aeromonas caviae, Aerom. hydrophila and Aerom. veronii bv Biochemical Test of Aeromonas caviae. They are catalse +ve, citrate +ve, indole +ve, oxidase +ve, rod shaped gram negative bacteria Aeromonas ist eine Gattung innerhalb der gramnegativen Gammaproteobakterien. Aeromonas wurde früher zu der Familie der Vibrionaceae gestellt. Die Arten können in zwei Gruppen gegliedert werden: Die mesophile und die psychrophile (kälteliebende) Gruppe. Die mesophilen, z. B. Aeromonas hydrophila sind meist polar begeißelt und beweglich (motil), die kälteliebenden Arten (z. B. Aeromonas. Typizace komplexu Aeromonas caviae Ivo Sedláček*, Dana Nováková, Pavel Švec Česká sbírka mikroorganismů Přírodovědecká fakulta MU Tvrdého 14, 602 00 Brno VZ: MSM 0021622416 *ivo@sci.muni.c

View Aeromonas Research Papers on Academia.edu for free Aeromonas hydrophila アエロモナス・ハイドロフィラ. グラム陰性桿菌で,湖水,河川,井戸水,土壌,植物などに分布する.. 通常,魚や両生類の感染症をおこすが,ヒトでは腸管系感染症,肺炎,尿路感染症,敗血症等各種感染症の起炎菌となる.. 系統. 抗菌薬. 感受性. 標準菌株. 標準菌のMIC. 臨床分離菌のMIC80

Aeromonas - příznaky a léčb

Aeromonas spp. son bacterias gramnegativas, productoras de oxidasa, con forma bacilar y anaeróbicas facultativas. El género está formado por organismos psicrófilos y mesófilos. A lo largo de los años se han llevado a cabo varias reconsideraciones sobre su taxonomía y nomenclatura La Aeromonas spp ha sido, en ocasiones, aislada de algunos alimentos procesados incluyendo leche pasteurizada, crema, helados y productos listos para comer (Procedentes de algún animal). Las posibles especies causantes de gastroenteritis han sido aisladas de la mayoría de los grupos alimenticios ya mencionados

Aeromonas - Aeromonas - qaz

Aeromonas salmonicida, zuerst als Bacterium salmonicida Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts beschrieben, ist pathogen für Fische und der Auslöser der Furunkulose, eine Infektionskrankheit, die bei verschiedenen Forellenfischen auftritt Aeromonas: gram-negative, facultative anaerobic rod that morphologically resembles members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. The most important pathogens are A. hydrophila, A. caviae, and A. veronii biovar sobria. Two major diseases associated with Aeromonas are gastroenteritis and wound infections, with or without bacteremia Aeromonas adalah genus bakteria anaerobik fakultatif gram-negatif yang secara morfologi mirip dengan famili Enterobacteriaceae.Di antara 14 spesies yang telah dideskripsikan, kebanyakan telah dikaitkan dengan penyakit pada manusia.Di antara patogen yang paling utama adalah A. hydrophila, A. caviae, dan A. veronii biovar sobria.Organisme ini banyak ditemukan di air tawar maupun air payau

Název: Kvalita studniční vody na Pardubicku se zaměřením na bakterie rodu Aeromonas Typ: diplomová práce  Autor: Bělohlávková, Lenka Datum: 2013 Název: Stanovení bakterií rodu Aeromonas v technologicky neupravených zdrojích pitných vod Typ: diplomová práce  Autor: Helebrantová, Jana Datum: 201 Aeromonas punctata (syn.A. hydrophila, A. iquefaciens, Bacillus punctatus, Pseudomonas punctata) je gramnegativní půdní [zdroj?] bakterie z rodu Aeromonas.Tento druh obsahuje peptidázy.Používá se k výrobě fytohemagglutininu Aeromonas jandaei DSM 7311 is a mesophilic human pathogen that was isolated from human stool of patient with diarrhea.. human pathogen; mesophilic; 16S sequence; Bacteria; genome sequenc

Aeromonas spp. jako původce akutních průjmů dětí do ..

NOTES According to Martinez-Murcia et al. 2009, Aeromonas aquariorum and Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. dhakensis are heterotypic synonyms. According to Huys et al. 2001, A. enteropelogenes is an earlier heterotypic synonym of A. trota. According to Huys et al. 2005 Aeromonas Aminopeptidase. Proteases (also called Proteolytic Enzymes, Peptidases or Proteinases) are enzymes that hydrolyze the amide bonds within proteins or peptides. Most proteases act in a specific manner, hydrolyzing bonds at or adjacent to specific residues or a specific sequence of residues contained within the substrate protein or peptide

Aeromonas infections and their treatmen

Název: Výskyt bakterií rodu Aeromonas v technologicky neupravených zdrojích pitných vod Typ: diplomová práce  Autor: Martinková, Šárka Datum: 2014. Zobrazují se záznamy 1-3 z 3 Amikacin is a first-line treatment for Aeromonas infection due to high efficacy. There are few reports of aminoglycoside-resistant Aeromonas spp. We report a soft tissue infection containing multiple pathogens, including a strain of Aeromonas hydrophila resistant to amikacin, tobramycin, and multiple cephalosporins Look at other dictionaries: Aeromonas — hydrophila Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abteilung: Proteobacteria Deutsch Wikipedia. Aeromonas — Aeromonas — Aeromonas Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube

Classification- Plesiomonas shigelloidesYersinia enterocolitica growing on C

Aeromonas에 의한 설사가 심할 때에는 항균제 치료가 도움이 된다. 대부분의 Aeromonas hydrophila는 ampicillin, carbenicillin, cephalothin에 내성이며 광범위 항균제에는 감수성이고 trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, fluoroquinolone, chloramphenicol, aminoglycoside, aztreonam 등에는 감수성 균주가 많다 Aeromonas hydrophila is a widespread representative of Aeromonas found in water, water habitants, domestic animals and foods (fish, shellfish, poultry, and raw meat) AEROMONAS Voorkomen: Aeromonas is een gram-negatieve bacterie die wereldwijd wordt aangetroffen in waterige omgevingen zoals grondwater, reservoirs, meren, rivieren en zeewater (brak water). De meeste Aeromonas species, vnl. deze die geassocieerd zijn met humane infecties, worden bovendie Erytrodermatoza, zakaźne zapalenie skóry (erythrodermatitis, CE), wrzodowa choroba skóry - zaraźliwa choroba ryb wywoływana przez bakterie z grupy Aeromonas (przede wszystkim Aeromonas hydrophila), czasem także przez Pseudomonas fluorescens, a w akwariach morskich przez bakterie Vibrio.Występuje zarówno u ryb akwariowych, jak i karpiowatych w produkcji towarowej The phylogenetic position of Aeromonas, as determined by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, is in the Gammaproteobacteria, with its closest relatives in the families Vibrionaceae and Enterobacteriaceae. 16S rDNA sequences (signature sequences) have been determined for nearly all validly named species and are deposited in GenBank, EMBL, or RDP.

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